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cacoseraph
09-30-2005, 04:39 PM
joined from CA & AZ :)

STATE CENTIPEDE INDEX

This thread will list all the Scolopendramorpha known to exist in Nevada, USA.

note: i will try to keep this first post on the thread updated with all the info subsequently posted, rather than forcing one to search through the whole thread

see end of this thread for bib/sites

key: if Genus species is bold, then that species occurs in NV. if the name is not bold, then the range suggests the species *may one day* be located in NV

DmbRS = Distribution map, by R. Shelley
GIS = Google Image Search


Order: Scolopendramorpha
Family: Scolopendridae
Sub-family: Scolopendrinae
Genus: Scolopendra

Scolopendra polymorpha: DmbRS (http://www.naturalsciences.org/research/inverts/centipedes/S_polymorpha.gif) GIS (http://images.google.com/images?svnum=30&hl=en&lr=&newwindow=1&q=Scolopendra+polymorpha)
. . . Range: All NV
Scolopendra heros: DmbRS (http://www.naturalsciences.org/research/inverts/centipedes/S_heros.gif) GIS (http://images.google.com/images?svnum=50&hl=en&lr=&newwindow=1&safe=off&q=scolopendra+heros) pic1 (http://photobucket.com/albums/b287/cacoseraph/centipede/handling/?action=view&current=Sc_heros_c3_hand_patches.jpg)
. . . Range: *Almost* touches southern tip
Scolopendra viridis: DmbRS (http://www.naturalsciences.org/research/inverts/centipedes/S_viridis.gif) GIS (http://images.google.com/images?q=scolopendra%20viridis&num=50&hl=en&lr=&newwindow=1&safe=off&sa=N&tab=wi)
. . . Range: S tip, except EXTREME S tip

Genus: Arthrorhabdus

Arthrorhabdus pygmaeus: Distribution map, by R.Shelley (http://www.naturalsciences.org/research/inverts/centipedes/Arthrorhabdus.gif)
. . . Range: West Texas, and much of northern Mexico. i am hoping this will extend to NV one day, too


Family: Scolopocryptopidae (note: these are all eyeless, i believe, and tend to be on the smaller side)
Sub-family: Scolopocryptopinae
Genus: Scolopocryptops


Scolopocryptops gracilis: DmbRS (http://www.naturalsciences.org/research/inverts/centipedes/Sgracilis.gif) GIS (http://images.google.com/images?svnum=30&hl=en&lr=&newwindow=1&safe=off&q=scolopocryptops+)(not to species level)
. . . Range: S tip

Scolopocryptops spinicaudus: Dist. map, by R.Shelley (http://www.naturalsciences.org/research/inverts/centipedes/S_spinicaudus.gif) GIS (http://images.google.com/images?svnum=30&hl=en&lr=&newwindow=1&safe=off&q=scolopocryptops+)(not to species level)
. . . Range: possibly touches EXTREME W point... this is your "cold" centipede!

Genus: Kethops (note: still blind... =P)

Kethops utahensis: Dist. map, by R.Shelley (http://www.naturalsciences.org/research/inverts/centipedes/Kethopinae.gif)
. . . Range: Spotty distribution in central CA and New Mexico, W of NV, in CA



Family: Cryptopidae (note: these are all eyeless, i am almost postitive, and tend to be on the smaller side)
Sub-family: Cyptopinae
Genus: Cryptops



Cryptops hortensis DMbRS (http://www.naturalsciences.org/research/inverts/centipedes/C_h_P_a.gif) GIS (http://images.google.com/images?q=Cryptops+hortensis&hl=en&btnG=Search+Images)
. . . Range: spot occurances
. . . Note: this is an introduced and establishing Euro species :)
Sub-family: Plutoniuminae (gee that sounds pretty carverniculous... Pluto being the god of the underworld and all...)
Genus: Theatops


Theatops posticus: DmbRS (http://www.naturalsciences.org/research/inverts/centipedes/T_posticus.gif) GIS (http://images.google.com/images?svnum=50&hl=en&lr=&newwindow=1&safe=off&q=Theatops+posticus)
. . . Range: S tip

Theatops californiensis: DmbRS (http://www.naturalsciences.org/research/inverts/centipedes/T_californiensis.gif) GIS (http://images.google.com/images?svnum=50&hl=en&lr=&newwindow=1&safe=off&q=Theatops+)(not to species level)
. . . Range: EXTREME W tip

Other centipedes of interest in NV:

Lithobiomorpha - "stone life shape" - Stone centipedes. GIS (http://images.google.com/images?svnum=30&hl=en&lr=&newwindow=1&safe=off&q=lithobiomorpha+OR+lithobiomorph+OR+lithobius&btnG=Search)


These could easily be mistaken for "baby scolos". They seem to max out at 1.5"BL for the southern CA variety i often when while bugging. The babies are tiny, i've seen as small as 5-7mm. I have seen hundreds of red stoners, but i FINALLY saw my first black one!


Geophilomorpha - "soil love shape" - Soil Centipedes GIS (http://images.google.com/images?svnum=30&hl=en&lr=&newwindow=1&safe=off&q=geophilomorpha)


These are long and worm-like centipedes. I think they are attractive, and have seen gold, red, and gold with a read head. They seen to max out at ~3.5"BL, and have tiny legs for their body size. These centipedes can have the most leg bearing body segments, with something 137 or 177 body segments!


Scutigeromorpha - "scutigero shape" heh, i don't know that one - House Centipedes GIS (http://images.google.com/images?svnum=30&hl=en&lr=&newwindow=1&safe=off&q=scutigeromorpha&btnG=Search)


With what i am pretty confident are the longest legs in proportion to body width, scuti's are not your average looking centipedes. I wish i could get them to eat, cuz i would really like to raise some in captivity. These things are ALL legs. Souther CA species max out at ~1.5-2"BL, but with legs and antenna EASILY exceed 4"! They seriously tickle when they run on you.


Bibliography:
All the taxo and range/dist. information from R. Shelley's site:
http://www.naturalsciences.org/research/inverts/centipedes/index.html
R. Shelley: Thou Art God

cacoseraph
09-30-2005, 05:01 PM
virgin 1.0